(TargetLiberty.org) – Whether it’s a traffic stop or something serious, you have rights when encountering law enforcement officials — and it’s usually best for you to use them.
Police encounters can be stressful even under the best of circumstances. But, you might be surprised to know how many rights you have.
When encountering police officers and other law enforcement officials, you have four fundamental rights.
1. The Right to Remain Silent
Officers cannot force you to answer questions with two exceptions. In the course of a traffic stop, police officers can require you to show your driver’s license, registration, and proof of insurance. Additionally, police officers can direct you to tell them your name in many states.
2. The Right to an Attorney
Similarly, you have the right to consult an attorney if law enforcement officials arrest or question you. Law enforcement officials are allowed to attempt to trick you during questioning. So, it’s always best to have an attorney present to make sure officers aren’t trying to set you up for potential criminal charges.
3. The Right to Withhold Consent for Searches
Law enforcement officials might ask you for consent to search your person, automobile, or place of residence. You have the right to withhold permission for a search. Likewise, you have the right to demand to receive a copy of a search warrant if law enforcement officials are executing one against you.
4. The Right to Leave
You have the right to leave if the police have not arrested you. Law enforcement officials have the right to briefly detain you if they have reasonable cause to stop you. But, those investigatory stops cannot last any longer than necessary, and law enforcement officials must investigate using the least intrusive methods available.
Knowing your rights when encountering law enforcement officials is important enough that you might want to keep a few notes in your purse or wallet just in case you need them. Additionally, there are four phrases to keep in mind: “I wish to remain silent,” “I want to speak to an attorney,” “I don’t consent to any searches,” and “Am I free to leave?”
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